1865 species are threatened with extinction on the Big Island according to the IUCN World Red List or the International Union for Conservation of Natures.
Bad students: Madagascar does not look good on the IUCN’s global red list or the International Union for Conservation of Natures (IUCN). The latest publication of the red list indicates that “Big Island holds the third place in the world” after Mexico and Indonesia respectively occupy the “first and second place”. Information that does not help the situation of biodiversity in the country. And whose causes are known and again and again shouted by the actors working for the protection of the environment. To cite just one example, in 2017 Madagascar lost – according to a study by Global Forest Watch – a forest resource “the equivalent of 55 times the area of Antananarivo”. That is, more precisely “510 000 ha of forests”. A situation that would be consistent with the update of the IUCN Red List. And that is all the more worrying when we know that 80% of the Malagasy fauna is endemic. And at the current rate, “the country could no longer have intact natural forests”.
Reforestation: It should be noted that the IUCN Red List is considered “the most comprehensive global inventory of the state of global conservation of plant and animal species”. Based on a sound scientific basis, the list would be recognized as “the most reliable reference tool for identifying the level of threats to specific biological diversity”. To cope with this, Madagascar currently has a “national reforestation policy”. “A paradigm shift in environmental conservation”, according to Prime Minister Christian Ntsay’s explanations in an interview. “Reforestation is about prioritizing how to protect what’s there and how to expand it.” A change of course that would like to give back its greenery to the country all but which would require the taking of responsibility of everyone. Indeed, the question of self-appropriation of all actors would be the keystone of such an initiative. A major challenge just waiting to be taken up.